Sykes Picot Agreement Consequences

As a result of the Sazonov-Palaiologos Agreement, Russia, in addition to Constantinople and the Turkish Strait, already promised in the Constantinople Agreement of 1915, should also receive the Western Army. [8] In 1917, Italy grew in the Convention of Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne and obtained southern Anatolia. [8] The area of Palestine smaller than Palestine should be covered by an “international administration.” The case of Mosul and subsequent ISIS activities on the Syro-Iraqi border have also led to an increase in media commentary in the United States and Europe. Academics and high states have used the Sykes-Picot deal to explain the case of Mosul and the crisis in Syria and Iraq. One of ISIS`s stated goals is to denounce the dismantling agreement. The group`s leader, Abu Bakr Al-Baghdadi, called for replacing the region`s failing nations into a transnational regional power called the “caliphate.” Sykes-Picot was a secret war agreement between representatives of Britain and France, which established zones of influence in Mesopotamia and the Levant. The nations also communicated the deal to Russia and Japan as war allies with a surrender to Tsarist Russia. Control of these lands would have to be wrested from Turkey if the Ottomans lost the war. While many of the terms of the agreement were significantly altered by subsequent events and agreements, it is still seen as an act of defining Franco-British colonial rule. A year later, Sir Mark Sykes and François Georges-Picot, each acting on behalf of Britain and France, drafted another secret agreement on the partition of the Middle East.

The agreement effectively divided the Ottoman provinces outside the Arabian Peninsula into areas of British and French control and influence. The countries under British and French control were divided by the Sykes-Picot line. [5] The agreement transferred to Britain control of what is now southern Israel and Palestine, Jordan and southern Iraq, as well as a small additional area including the ports of Haifa and Akkon to allow access to the Mediterranean. [6] [7] [8] France should control southeastern Turkey, northern Iraq, Syria and Lebanon. [8] The agreement was based on the premise that the Triple Entente would succeed in defeating the Ottoman Empire in World War I and was part of a series of secret agreements that preferred its division. The main negotiations that led to the agreement took place between 23 November 1915 and 3 January 1916, during which British and French diplomats Mark Sykes and François Georges-Picot initialled an agreed memorandum. [3] The agreement was ratified by their respective governments on 9 and 16 May 1916. [4] In his doctoral dissertation, Gibson discusses the role that oil then played in British strategic thinking and mentions Vilayet Mosul as the largest potential oil field and France`s 1918 agreement to approve its adherence to Iraq`s mandate (the Clemenceau Lloyd George Agreement) in exchange for a “share of the oil and British support elsewhere.” [53] The problems associated with Sykes-Picot in this region were also caused by acts that were not in accordance with the agreement. For example, the Balfour Declaration of 1917, which forced the British to become a Jewish state in Palestine, violated the Sykes-Picot plan for the internationalization of Palestine.

He also appeared to be violating the McMahon-Hussein agreement before Sykes-Picot that Hussein Bin Ali, the Sharif of Mecca, allegedly granted to an Arab nation. This agreement was reached with the support of TE Lawrence in recognition of Sharif`s armed support for the British armed forces against the Ottomans.

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